Influences on Advance Practice Nursing Education to Prescribe Medications for Opioid Use Disorder


Bethany J. Phoenix, Matthew Tierney, Susan A Chapman, and Joanne Spetz

March 30, 2023

Opioid misuse is a major public health concern in the United States. Opioid agonist medications are evidence-based treatments for opioid use disorders (OUD) that can be prescribed by advance practice registered nurses (APRNs) with prescriptive authority and appropriate training. This article examines factors influencing preparation to provide medications for opioid use disorder (MOUD) in APRN education.

Two overarching themes emerged: “addressing attitudes” and “curriculum change.” Sub-themes include affective barriers to providing OUD treatment; motivation to respond to the OUD crisis; and attitude change through experience with MOUD. Attention to attitudinal issues, such as stigma, toward people using opioids is important in educating APRNs about providing MOUD.