Factors Associated with Physical Injury of Police Involvement During Incidents of Workplace Violence in Hospitals: Findings from the First Year of California’s New Standard
Violence against healthcare workers is a pervasive safety issue that impacts patient care and workforce stability. Workplace violence in healthcare settings is known to be a costly and often underreported problem. In California, hospitals are required to report incidents of violence towards workers to the California Occupational Safety and Health Administration (CalOSHA) using an online reporting system that went into effect in 2017.
Four hundred eight hospitals submitted reports using the new incident reporting system. Behavioral health units had 1.82 times the odds of the reported incident resulting in physical injury compared to inpatient medical units, and investor‐owned facilities had 2.43 times the odds of the reported incident resulting in physical injury compared to city or county‐owned facilities. Inpatient and behavioral health units had significantly reduced odds of a reported incident resulting in police involvement when compared to other locations within the hospital.
These findings indicate that protections for healthcare workers deserve ongoing attention from stakeholders and legislators and provide insight into how healthcare facilities report incidents of violence towards workers.