Physician and Nurse Practitioner Teamwork and Job Satisfaction: Gender and Profession


Lusine Poghosyan, Jessica M. Brooks, Jianfang Liu, Yuna Lee, Ani Bilazarian, Ulrike Muench

September 8, 2022

Designing interprofessional primary care teams composed of physicians and nurse practitioners (NPs) is a national priority. We assessed how profession and gender affect teamwork and job satisfaction among primary care physicians and NPs by using survey data from 186 physicians and 398 NPs practicing in New York State. Our regression models show profession (NP vs physician) moderates the associations of gender with teamwork and job satisfaction. Among NPs, men had higher job satisfaction than women. Among physicians, women had higher job satisfaction than men. Our results can benefit interprofessional primary care teams to optimize their professional and gender mix.